Gen. Petraeus on the Surge

December 8, 2008

General David Petraeus, CENTCOM commander and former commanding general of Multinational Force-Iraq, addressed the Heritage Foundation in October on the ideas underpinning the Surge.

The only way to secure the population is by liv­ing with them. You cannot secure the people of a neighborhood from a large base by driving through it a couple of times a day and returning to that large base. You have to locate with them, you have to share risk with them—and this in partnership with Iraqi forces. …

Between the period of December 2006 and August 2007, a very dramatic reduction in sectarian violence took place in Baghdad.

That came about because our forces went into those areas, tried to sit on the violence, to stabilize it, to bring it down, to go after the bad guys, to pro­mote local reconciliation, and then to start to deal with some of the other conditions in there in terms of markets, local commerce, and local governance.

Topics include strategic communications, detainee policy, training missions, population security, reconciliation.  This talk is an excellent review of the past and overview of the situation in Iraq today.  Read the whole thing.  Here is the transcript and here are the slides. Via Joe Katzman at Winds of Change.

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Louis Vuitton?

December 8, 2008

As in other countries, counterfeit products are not unknown in Iraq. Here we have a selection of Louis Vuitton shoulder holsters.
Louis Vuitton
Sorry for the quality, I was shooting without a flash. Photo is a couple of months old.

Law and Literature

December 4, 2008

Here is a break from regular programming.  Every spring, Tyler Cowen of the economics blog Marginal Revolution teaches a class on “Law and Literature” at George Mason University.  He also posts his reading lists.  I like lists and books, so this year I got curious enough to compare the five available lists: 2009, 2008, 2007, 2005, and a list Dr. Cowen inherited from another professor, also in 2005.

The standouts are the Old Testament (particularly Exodus), Kafka’s In the Penal Colony, In the Belly of the Beast by Jack Henry Abbott, Tolstoy (Hadji Murad and/or Ivan Ilych), Melville (Moby Dick chapters on common law, “Bartleby,” Billy Budd), something called Borges and the Eternal Orangutangs by Fernando Verrissimo, and Blindess by Jose Saramago.

The Art of Political Murder by Fransisco Goldman appeared in 2008 and is back this spring.  Year’s Best SF 9 (stories written in 2003) and Glaspell’s Trifles appeared in 2007 and are back this year as well.  Henry James and Shakespeare appeared in 2005 and 2007 but have since dropped.

The balance of the list (about 30%) turns over every year and includes authors such as Arthur Conan Doyle, Orhan Pamuk, William Gibson, Eugene Zamiatyin, Mario Vargas Llosa, Eric Ambler, Gabriel Garcia Marquez, TH White, Thomas Pynchon, Isaac Asimov, Ha Jin, and PD James.  Dr. Cowen’s colleague relied more heavily on classical and philosopical sources (Plato, Sophocles, More, Milton).  There might be more turnover in the films since a different one is mentioned each year (Sia, Battle Royale, Double Indemnity).

One might add Dostoyevsky, Hugo, Orwell, Solzhenitsyn, or William Golding to the mix.  But the biggest omission is the New Testament reframing of Mosaic law.  In particular Romans 1-8 and 13-14 are a passionate analysis of the post-Resurrection status of law – by a trained Pharisee no less.

…[I]f it had not been for the law, I would not have known sin.  I would not have known what it is to covet if the law had not said “You shall not covet.”  But sin, seizing an opportunity in the commandment, produced in me all kinds of coveteousness.  Apart from the law sin lies dead.

Rom 7:7-8 (NRSV)

Full lists and links are below the break…

Read the rest of this entry »

Big Rainstorm

November 29, 2008

Unusual rainstorm in Baghdad today.  Enough thunder and lightning to make us jump.  Enough rain to flood the streets.  Wind pushing the palms around, hail piled up in the gutter.  I wish I had some pictures for you, maybe later.

Update 8 p.m.: It’s raining again.

Happy Thanksgiving

November 27, 2008

Farmland

We all have so much to be thankful for, whether in Baghdad or Berkeley.

The photo is from October 10.

Review: Guests of the Sheikh

November 19, 2008

Guests of the Sheikh, by Elizabeth Warnock Fernea, is an excellent introduction to rural Iraqi culture.  As a newlywed in 1956, the author moved with her anthropologist husband to a Shia tribal settlement adjoining a village in Diwaniya.  For two years, Mrs. Fernea wore the abaya and lived in purdah, secluded or veiled from all men save Mr. Fernea and a household servant.

However, she entered the society of the tribal and village women. The book, published in 1965, is a sharply-observed, simply written narrative of Mrs. Fernea’s observations and experiences.  The subtitle is “An Ethnography of an Iraqi Village,” but Mrs. Fernea omits theory and analysis.  Her matter-of-fact prose (she is a journalist) is accessible and almost flat, but ultimately quite affecting.

The date palms on the opposite bank were gray with the accumulated dust of the desert summer and the fields we passed were brown and dry.  Only the stubble of the small summer crop remained.  On each side of the road the flat, dun-colored land stretched away for miles, broken only by the cuts of small waterways carrying water to the fields and the dips of old canals, their dry hollows green with a little shrubbery nourished by some dampness remaining in the soil.  Here and there a single fellah was visible against the horizon; his dishdasha tied up around his waist to allow freedom of movement, he broke the dry ground with a hand hoe, preparing the land for autumn planting.

The book offers interesting benchmarks for present observers of conditions in Iraq’s countryside.  The village (whose population is not mentioned; 400 pupils in the boys’ primary school) has a chlorinated water system and “five or six” homes in the tribal settlement are connected.  The village’s power comes from a generator that runs when the mayor orders it – for example, to run his fan in the summer.  Soil salination is a problem and men that can no longer cultivate their land turn to sheepherding or migrant labor.  Employment as an armed guard or retainer is not unknown.

This is one of the most helpful books on Iraq that I have read, and apparently a classic of Middle Eastern ethnography.  I recommend it to anyone interested in Iraqi society.  It is in print but I could not find Mrs. Fernea’s husband’s dissertation on irrigation.

Guests of the Sheikh

Some Views on Iraq

November 16, 2008

Michael Yon, quoted at Instapundit:

The war is over and we won… There’s nothing going on. I’m with the 10th Mountain Division, and [none] of the guys I’m with [have] fired their weapons on this tour and they’ve been here eight months. And the place we’re at, South Baghdad, used to be one of the worst places in Iraq. And now there’s nothing going on. I’ve been walking my feet off and haven’t seen anything.

Rep. Joe Barton (R-Texas): Iraq is Open For Business:

Maybe Baghdad is never going to be Paris in the spring, but it is evident that we are winning the peace to such a degree that I can honestly say no matter how you define victory, we have won the war. We have routed al-Qaeda and the terrorists.

Life in Iraq is returning to normal, and free enterprise is growing. Street markets bustle with shoppers, cars crowd the roads, and construction on several projects is moving full-steam ahead. [Fellow Representative] Mr. [Kenny] Marchant and I toured a power plant that used to be a target for terrorists. Now it reliably produces electricity for hundreds of thousands of Iraqis.

The Gear Post

November 14, 2008

When you finally get your orders to come to Iraq, usually you have a lot to do in a few short weeks.  Not least, you have to pick up appropriate clothing and equipment for this environment.  In this post, I’ll review some equipment that has worked well – and not well – for me.

I have spent my tour(s) in the International Zone, with frequent trips outside, including several to the rural qadas of Baghdad Province.  Nothing too rough, but lots of climbing in and out of Hummers.  Most of this advice will apply to civilians more than military.

Boots. If your feet aren’t happy, you won’t be happy.  I wear a pair of Merrell hiking boots like this.

merrell-bootMerrell is a popular choice for civilians.  The soles are a trademarked material that has held up very well to a year of walking on silt and concrete.  The lining is worn though to the sole in both heels and I had to replace a lace, but otherwise the uppers and bodies have held together perfectly.  Many people wear desert combat boots, but I’m told the Merrells are a little cooler to wear.  Grade: A.

Read the rest of this entry »

Welcome Michael Totten

November 12, 2008

Excellent news.  Michael Totten is heading back to Baghdad (via Instapundit).  We’ve featured Michael several times in Bloggers in Iraq and the Middle East. You can find his reports at michaeltotten.com. Most recently, he was reporting from Kosovo and Georgia.  See for example Resisting the United Nations, The Forgotten War, and The Scorching of Georgia.

Remember the Fallen

November 11, 2008

Arlington Sunset

To us in America, the reflections of armistice Day will be filled with solemn pride in the heroism of those who died in the country’s service and with gratitude for the victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the opportunity it has given America to show her sympathy with peace and justice in the councils of the nations…


Arlington Walk